الاقتصاد الجزئي • الاقتصاد الكلي
اقتصاد رياضي •
|المجالات والمجالات الفرعية|
السلوكي • الثقافي • التطوري
الدوريات · المطبوعات
|بوابة الأعمال والاقتصاد|
الهيكل والسلوك والأداء
نموذج الأداء السلوكي (برنامج الحماية المدنية الصومالي)
عناصر هيكل السوق
التمييز بين المنتجات
Barriers to entry
Barriers to exit
معدل نموالطلب في السوق
SCP Interactio Overview
العلاقة بين الهيكل والأداء
العلاقة بين هيكل وسلوك
العلاقة بين السلوك والأداء
Carlton and Perloff, 2005, Modern Industrial Organization, 4th Edition, Pearson, Addison Wesley.
Charles C. Fisher. “What can economics learn from marketing’s market structure analysis?”. Contribution of Marketing MSA to Economics MSA. http://www.westga.edu/~bquest/1997/ecnmkt.html
Caves, E Richard (January 1992). “American Industry: Structure, Conduct, Performance”. Prentice Hall, 7th E. pp 3–36
Edwards, Allen and Shaik (2006), "Market Structure Conduct Performance (SCP) Hypothesis Revisited using Stochastic Frontier Efficiency Analysis," presentation at the American Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, Long Beach, California.
Marion, Bruce. "Structure, Conduct, Performance Paradigm to Subsector Ananlysis." : Print.
Michael E. Porter, Interbrand Choice, strategy, and bilateral market power (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1976).
Pepall, Lynne, Dan Richards, and George Norman. Industrial Organization Contemporary Theory and Empirical Applications. 4th ed. Malden, MA: Blackwll Publishing, 2008. Print.
Valantino Piana. “Product differentiation.” http://economicswebinstitute.org/glossary/product.htm
Weiss, Leonard W. “The Structure-Conduct-Performance Paradigm and Antitrust.” Apr., 1979 pp. 1104–1140. The University of Pennsylvania Law Review. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3311794
The common market structures studied in this field are the following:
- Perfect competition
- Monopolistic competition
Industrial organization investigates the outcomes of these market structures in environments with
- Price discrimination
- Product differentiation
- Durable goods
- Experience goods
- Secondary markets or second-hand markets, which can affect the behaviour of firms in primary markets.
- Signalling, such as warranties and advertising.
- Mergers and acquisitions
- Entry and Exit
A competitive market structure has the performance outcome of lower costs and lower prices, (Shepherd, W: 1997:4).
The subject has a theoretical side and a practical side. According to one text book: "On one plane the field is abstract, a set of analytical concepts about competition and monopoly. On a second plane the topic is about real markets, teeming with the excitement and drama of struggles among real firms" (Shepherd, W.; 1985; 1).
The extensive use of game theory in industrial economics has led to the export of this tool to other branches of microeconomics, such as behavioral economics and corporate finance. Industrial organization has also had significant practical impacts on antitrust law and competition policy.
History of the field
A 2009 book Pioneers of Industrial Organization traces the development of the field from Adam Smith to recent times and includes dozens of short biographies of major figures in Europe and North America who contributed to the growth and development of the discipline.
Other reviews by publication year and earliest available cited works those in 1970/1937, 1972/1933, 1974, 1987/7 from 1968 on, ثلاثة from 1937 to 1956, and 2009/c. 1900.
- ^ Henry W. de Jong and William G. Shepherd, ed., 2007. Pioneers of Industrial Organization. Cheltenham, UK: Elgar . Description and content links and preview.
- ^ E. T. Grether, 1970. "Industrial Organization: Past History and Future Problems," American Economic Review,60(2), pp. 83-89.
- ^ James W. McKie, 1972. "Industrial Organization: Boxing the Compass," ch. 1 in V. R. Fuchs, ed., Policy Issues and Research Opportunities in Industrial Organization, NBER, pp. 1-15.
- ^ Almarin Phillips and Rodney E. Stevenson, 1974. "The Historical Development of Industrial Organization," History of Political Economy, 6(3), pp. 324-342. In Papers from the First Conference of the History of Economics Society. Citation.
- ^ Timothy F. Bresnahan and Richard Schmalensee, 1987. "The Empirical Renaissance in Industrial Economics: An Overview," Journal of Industrial Economics, 35(4), pp. 371-378.
- ^ Lefteris Tsoulfidis, 2009. "Between Competition and Monopoly," Competing Schools of Economic Thought, ch. 9, pp. 213-42. Springer
- Paul Belleflamme and Martin Peitz, 2010. Industrial Organization: Markets and Strategies. Cambridge University Press. Summary and Resources
- Cabral, Luís M. B., 2000. Introduction to Industrial Organization. MIT Press. Links to Description and ch. 1, and chapter-preview links.
- Shepherd, William, 1985. The Economics of Industrial Organization, Prentice-Hall. ISBN 0-13-231481-9
- Shy, Oz, 1995. Industrial Organization: Theory and Applications. Description and chapter-preview links. MIT Press.
- Williamson, Oliver E., ed., 1990. Industrial Organization. Edward Elgar. Description and article list.
- Vives, Xavier, 2001. Oligopoly Pricing: Old Ideas and New Tools. MIT Press. Description and scroll to chapter-preview links.
- Jeffrey Church & Roger Ware, 2005. "Industrial Organization: A Strategic Approach," (aka IOSA)”, Free Textbook
- Nicolas Boccard, 2010. "Industrial Organization, a Contract Based approach (aka IOCB)”, Open Source Textbook
- and issue-preview links
- , Aims and Scope, and issue-preview links.
- and issue-preview links.
- and issue-preview links.