جرن

Timber framed with siding of vertical boards was typical in early New England. Red is a traditional color for paint. Connecticut.
The Texas Technological College Dairy Barn in Lubbock, Texas, U.S., was used as a teaching facility until 1967.
Russian women using a hand powered winnowing machine in a threshing barn. Note the board across the doorway to prevent grain from spilling out of the barn, this is the origin of the term threshold. Painting from 1894 by Klavdy Lebedev titled the floor or the threshing floor (Гумно).
Grange Barn, Coggeshall, England, originally part of the Cistercian monastery of Coggeshall. Dendrochronologically dated from 1237–1269, it was restored in the 1980s by the Coggeshall Grange Barn Trust, Braintree District Council and Essex County Council.
A bridge barn in Switzerland. The bridge (rather than a ramp) in this case also shelters animals.

الجرن barn، هي مبنى زراعي عادة ما يستخدم في المزارع لأغراض مختلفة. في أمريكا الشمالية، تشير حدثة مغرسة إلى المباني التي تأوي الماشية، وتضم الأبقار والخيل، وكذلك المعدات والأعلاف وغالباً الحبوب. نتيجة لذلك، فيستخدم مصطلح الجرن للإشارة إلى جرن التبغ، جرن الألبان، جرن الخراف، جرن البطاطس. في الجزر البريطانية يقتصر استخدام مصطلح الجرن على مباني التخزين المخصصة للحبوب الغير مطحونة وللأعلاف. وتوجد الحظائر غالبا في المزارع أوفي المزارع القديمة المهجورة. والزريبة هي الجرن المعدة لحفظ البقر.

التسمية

التاريخ

الإنشاء

The skeleton of a post and beam horse barn just after raising
جرن توماس رانك راوند في مقاطعة فاييت، إنديانا، الولايات المتحدة.



الاستخدامات

The hay track developed in the early 19th century, here showing how the hay hood (roof extension) covers the track. The gable wall of this barn is missing.


الخصائص

جرن في جنوب أونتاريو، كندا.
A barn of the Uster castle in the city of Uster, Switzerland
This barn in Thuringia, Germany has two outshots forming the recess to the middle barn doors.



الأنواع

مباني زراعية أخرى مرتبطة بالحظائر

مباني زراعية تاريخية

Barns and silo in Newmarket, Ontario, Canada. These structures were torn down in March 2009.
Traditional Sasak rice barn in village of Sade, Lombok, Indonesia.
In Germany some hay barns were kept away from urban areas due to the risk of fire. These areas are called a Scheunenviertel from the German name for a barn, Scheune, which translates as "barn quarter". This barn quarter is in Steinhude, Germany
The barn at Bjärka-Säby Castle, Sweden, around 1909.


معرض الصور


انظر أيضاً

  • Barn Church, Kew
  • Barn conversion
  • Barn raising
  • Barnyard
  • Farmhouse
  • Functionally classified barn
  • Gambrel roof
  • Gin gang or round house — an extension to a threshing barn. It contained a horse driven engine, used to power a threshing machine. Sometimes called a wheel house. Water power and wind power were also used to drive the machine, and by the 1850s portable steam engine machines were used. Horse-engines, original threshing or winnowing machines are exceptionally rare.
  • Hayrack
  • Historic Barns of Connecticut
  • National Barn Dance
  • Dairy
  • Dovecote — built to house pigeons, which provided variety to the diets of high-status households and a rich source of manure. Examples survive from the medieval period.
  • Scaffold (barn)
  • Shed
  • The Wonderful Barn
  • Treppenspeicher
  • Barn dance
  • Ovinnik

المصادر

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary Second Edition on CD-ROM (v. 4.0) © Oxford University Press 2009. Threshold.
  2. ^ Allen G. Noble, Traditional Buildings: A Global Survey of Structural Forms and Cultural Functions (New York: Tauris, 2007), 30.
  3. ^ "Byre | Define Byre at Dictionary.com". Dictionary.reference.com. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
  4. ^ Byre | Define Byre at Dictionary.com
  5. ^ Cattelan, Maurizio. Von Mäusen und Menschen: 4. Berlin Biennale für zeitgenössische Kunst = Of mice and men : 4th Berlin Biennial for Contemporary Art. Ostfildern-Ruit: Hatje Cantz, 2006. 89. Print.

وصلات خارجية

نطقب:Commons Category

  • Dairy Barn History
  • www.thebarnjournal.org
  • National Barn Alliance
  • Books about barns
  • Barn Again! program
  • Timber Framers Guild
  • Paper on barns in Hungry
  • The Spanish borda (borde) is a type of barn or housebarn
  • Excellent paper on historic barns, focus on Ohio, USA
  • Barn types and information from the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission
تاريخ النشر: 2020-06-04 19:09:30
التصنيفات: صفحات بها أخطاء في البرنامج النصي, Commons category link is locally defined, أجران, مباني زراعية, عمارة عامية

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