أرشيبولد كوكس

عودة للموسوعة

أرشيبولد كوكس

أرشيبولد كوكس
31st United States Solicitor General
في المنصب
January 1961 – July 1965
الرئيس جون كندي
ليندون جونسون
سبقه J. Lee Rankin
خلفه ثرگود مارشال
تفاصيل شخصية
وُلِد Archibald Cox, Jr.
May 17, 1912 (1912-05-17)
پلينفيلد، نيوجرزي، الولايات المتحدة
توفي May 29, 2004 (2004-05-30) (عن عمر 92)
بروكڤل، مين، الولايات المتحدة
الحزب Democrat
الزوج Phyllis Ames Cox (June 13, 1937-his death).
الأنجال Sarah, Archibald, Jr. and Phyllis
الجامعة الأم Harvard College (B.A., 1934)
كلية حقوق هارڤرد (J.D., 1937)

أرشيبولد كوكس، الابن (Archibald Cox, Jr.؛ 17 مايو1912 – 29 مايو2004) كان محامياً ودارس حقوقي وأستاذ جامعي أمريكي، تأرجح عمله بين العمل الأكاديمي والحكومة. فكعضوفي هيئة التعليم في كلية حقوق هارڤرد، أصبح واحداً من أوائل الخبراء في قانون العمل الفدرالي. وفي 1948 نشر أول كتاب قضايا في قانون العمل للاستخدام في كليات الحقوق، وهوالكتاب الذي كان يُحدّث ويضاف إليه دورياً حتى 2011. A prolific writer, he published dozens of articles on developments in labor relations. Even while teaching full-time, he became a noted labor arbitrator and wage stabilizer, in the latter role facing off against the United Mine Workers in an industrial dispute that touched on national security issues during the Korean War.

He became Senator John F. Kennedy's labor advisor in connection with the senator's single major legislative project, a bill that would become the Landrum–Griffin amendments, and as a result of that role became head of Kennedy's presidential campaign's brain trust, recruiting intellectuals and coordinating policy research and speech-writing for the campaign. In 1961 President Kennedy appointed him solicitor general, an office he held for four and a half years during which time he briefed and argued some of the most consequential decisions of the Warren Court. On return to Harvard he expanded on his experience in government to write on and teach constitutional law. As a high-profile liberal, he was chosen to head a blue ribbon commission that investigated the student strikes that closed down Columbia University in the Spring of 1968. After that experience, he became Harvard's point man dealing with student disorders at Harvard for the next three years.

وقد اشتهر كوكس عالمياً حين أجبرت الضغوط وتهم الفساد ضد الأشخاص المحيطين بالرئيس رتشارد نكسون، المرشح لمنصب المدعي العام إليوت رتشاردسون على تعيينه (بناء على سمعته الجيدة واستقلاله عن الرئيس) كـوكيل نيابة خاص للاشراف على التحقيقات الجنائية الفدرالية في السرقة في واترگيت والجرائم الأخرى المتصلة بها، وأنشطة الفساد والمخالفات التي صارت تُعهد شعبياً بإسم فضيحة واترگيت. His investigation led him directly to the president himself, and he had a dramatic confrontation with Nixon when he subpoenaed the tapes the president had secretly recorded of his Oval Office conversations. When Cox refused a direct order from the White House to seek no further tapes or presidential materials, Nixon fired him in an incident that became known as the Saturday Night Massacre. Cox's calm, reasonable and impeccably dignified explanations of his positions earned him overwhelming support among the professional bar and a great deal of popularity among the country at large. His firing produced a public relations disaster for Nixon and set in motion impeachment proceedings. In the end, the United States Supreme Court ruled unanimously against the president and in favor of the position taken by Cox in an opinion written by Nixon appointee Chief Justice وارن برگر. Rather than face impeachment and trial with the tapes as evidence, Richard Nixon became the only United States president to resign.

Cox returned to teaching, lecturing and writing for the rest of his life, giving his opinions on the role of the court in the development of the law and the role of the lawyer in society. Although he was recommended to President Jimmy Carter for a seat on the First Circuit Court of Appeals, his nomination fell victim to the dispute between the president and Senator تد كندي. He was appointed to head several public-service, watchdog and good-government organizations, including serving for 12 years as head of Common Cause. In addition he argued two important Supreme Court cases, winning both: one concerning the constitutionality of federal campaign finance restrictions and the other the first case testing affirmative action.

أعمال مختارة

خط:

  • Cases on Labor Law. Brooklyn, New York: Foundation Press. 1948. LCCN 48004767. (This casebook was periodically updated by Foundation Press. The latest edition is the 15th in 2011, which also has as authors: Derek Curtis Bok, Robert A. Gorman, Matthew W. Finkin.)
  • Law and the National Labor Policy. Los Angeles: Institute of Industrial Relations, University of California. 1960. LCCN 60063285.
  • The Warren Court: Constitutional Decision as an Instrument of Reform. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. 1968. LCCN 68021971. (Lectures originally given in shorter form at a summer school conducted in Honolulu in 1967.)
  • Cox, Archibald; Howe, Mark DeWolfe; Wiggins, J.R. (1967). Civil Rights, the Constitution, and the Courts. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. LCCN 67020874.
  • Bar Association of India Lectures. New Delhi: Bar Association of India. 1981.
  • 'The Role of the Supreme Court in American Government. London, New York: Oxford Universityi Press. 1977. ISBN .
  • 'The Court and the Constitution. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin. 1987. ISBN .
  • Norman Dorsen, ed. (1989). The Evolving Constitution: Essays on the Bill of Rights and the U.S. Supreme Court. Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press. (foreword by Cox)

منطقات بدوريات:

  • "Some Aspects of the Labor Management Relations Act, 1947". Harvard Law Review. 61 (1): 1–49. November 1947. doi:10.2307/1335189. 61 (2): 274–315. January 1947.
  • "Judge Learned Hand and the Interpretation of Statutes". Harvard Law Review. 60 (3): 370–93. February 1947.
  • "The Influence of Mr. Justice Murphy on Labor Law". Michigan Law Review. 48 (6): 767–810. April 1950. doi:10.2307/1284432.
  • Cox, Archibald; Dunlop, John T. (January 1950). "Regulation of Collective Bargaining by the National Labor Relations Board". Harvard Law Review. 63 (3): 389–432. doi:10.2307/1336243.
  • Cox, Archibald; Dunlop, John T. (May 1950). "The Duty to Bargain Collectively During the Term of an Existing Agreement". Harvard Law Review. 63 (7): 1097–133. doi:10.2307/1335973.
  • Cox, Archibald; Seidman, Marshall J. (December 1950). "Federalism and Labor Relations". Harvard Law Review. 64 (2): 211–45. doi:10.2307/1336175.
  • "The Right to Engage in Concerted Activities". Indiana Law Journal. 28 (3): 319–48. Spring 1951.
  • "Strikes, Picketing and the Constitution". Vanderbilt Law Review. 4 (3): 574–602. April 1951.
  • "Legal Aspects of Labor Arbitration in New England". Arbitration Journal. 8 (1): 5–20. 1953.
  • "Government Regulation of the Negotiation and Terms of Collective Agreement: An address". University of Pennsylvania Law Review. 101 (8): 1137–53. June 1953. doi:10.2307/3310045.
  • "Revision of the Taft-Hartley Act". West Virginia Law Review. 55 (2): 91–109. June 1953.
  • "The New Wage Stabilization Board". Proceedings of the Labor Relations Section, San Francisco, September 16–17, 1953. Chicago: American Bar Association: 20–41. 1953.
  • "The Role of Law in Labor Disputes". Cornell Law Quarterly. 39 (4): 592–610. Summer 1954.
  • "Grievance Arbitration in the Federal Courts". Harvard Law Review. 67 (4): 591–607. February 1954. doi:10.2307/1337241.
  • "Federal Preemption of the Law of Labor Relations". The Proceedings of the 7th Annual Conference on Labor, New York University. Albany: Matthew Bender and Co., New York University: 1–27. 1955.
  • "Labor and Antitrust Laws: A Preliminary Analysis". University of Pennsylvania Law Review. 104 (2): 252–84. November 1955. doi:10.2307/3309877.
  • "Some Lawyers' Problems in Grievance Arbitrations". Minnesota Law Review. 40 (1): 41–59. December 1955.
  • "Rights Under a Labor Agreement". Harvard Law Review. 69 (4): 601–57. February 1956. doi:10.2307/1337469.
  • "Law and the Future: Labor Management Relations". Northwestern University Law Review. 51 (2): 240–57. May 1956.
  • "The Legal Nature of Collective Bargaining Agreements". Temple Law Quarterly. 30 (1): 1–36. Fall 1956.
  • "Labor-Management Relations Law in the Supreme Court October Term, 1955". Proceedings of the Section of Labor Relations Law, Dallas, August 27–28, 1956. Chicago: American Bar Center: 5–29. 1956.
  • "Labor Law and the American Constitution". University of Queensland Law Journal. 3 (1): 5–22. December 1956.
  • "The Duty of Fair Representation". Villanova Law Review. 2 (2): 151–77. January 1957.
  • "Current Problems in the Law of Grievance Arbitration". Rocky Mountain Law Review. 30 (3): 247–66. April 1958.
  • "The Duty to Bargain in Good Faith". Harvard Law Review. 71 (8): 1401–42. June 1958. doi:10.2307/1337921.
  • "The Labor Decisions of the Supreme Court at the October Term 1957". Proceedings of the Section of Labor Relations Law, Los Angeles, August 25–26, 1958. Chicago: American Bar Center: 12–44. 1958.
  • "The Labor Decisions of the Supreme Court at the October Term, 1957". Virginia Law Review. 44 (7): 1057–92. 1958. doi:10.2307/1070935.
  • "Labor Unions and the Public Interest". Marquette Law Review. 42 (1): 2–6, 28–35. Summer 1958.
  • "Review of Labor Union Monopoly by Donald R. Richberg". Minnesota Law Review. 42 (3): 516–26. January 1958.
  • "The Landrum–Griffin Amendments to the National Labor Relations Act". Minnesota Law Review. 44 (2): 257–74. January 1959.
  • "Uses and Abuses of Union Power". Notre Dame Lawyer. 35 (5): 624–39. January 1959.
  • "The Role of Law in Preserving Union Democracy". Harvard Law Review. 72 (4): 609–44. February 1959. doi:10.2307/1338296.
  • "Reflections Upon Labor Arbitration". Harvard Law Review. 72 (8): 1482–518. June 1959. doi:10.2307/1338034.
  • "Labor Arbitration in New Jersey". Rutgers Law Review. 14 (1): 143–84. Fall 1959.
  • "The Major Labor Decisions of the Supreme Court October Term 1958". Proceedings of the Section of Labor Relations Law, Bal Harbour-Miami Beach, August 24–25, 1959. Chicago: American Bar Center: 23–37. 1959.
  • "Reflections Upon Labor Arbitration in Light of the Lincoln Mills Case". Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Meeting, National Academy of Arbitrators. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of National Affairs. 1959.
  • "Internal Affairs of Labor Unions under the Labor Reform Act of 1959". Michigan Law Review. 58 (6): 819–54. April 1960. doi:10.2307/1286305.
  • "Nature of Supreme Court Litigation". Journal of the American Judicature Society. 45 (5): 93–96. October 1961.
  • "Current Constitutional Issues: Reapportionment". Tennessee Law Review. 30 (1): 28–35. Fall 1962.
  • "The Supreme Court and the Federal System". California Law Review. 50 (5): 800–20. January 1962. doi:10.2307/3479125.
  • "The Supreme Court and the Federal System". New York State Bar Journal. 35 (2): 108–24. April 1963.
  • "Poverty and the Legal Profession". Illinois Bar Journal. 54 (1): 12–21. September 1965.
  • "The Constitutionality of the Proposed Voting Rights Act of 1965". Houston Law Review. 3 (1): 1–10. Spring 1965.
  • "Foreword: Constitutional Adjudication and the Promotion of Human Rights". Harvard Law Review. 80 (1): 91–122. November 1966.
  • "Labor and the Antitrust Laws: Pennington and Jewel Tea". Boston University Law Review. 46: 317–42. Summer 1966.
  • "Direct Action, Civil Disobedience, and the Constitution". Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society. 78: 105–19. January 1966.
  • "Chief Justice Earl Warren". Harvard Law Review. 83 (1): 1–5. November 1969.
  • "The Role of Congress in Constitutional Determinations". University of Cincinnati Law Review. 40 (2): 199–216. Summer 1971.
  • "Labor Law Preemption Revisited". Harvard Law Review. 85 (7): 1337–77. May 1972. doi:10.2307/1340014.
  • "More Learned Than Witty [Review of Learned Hand's Court by Marvin Schick]". Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review. 7 (2): 501–08. March 1972.
  • "Some Reflections on Possible Abuses of Governmental Power". The Record of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York. 28 (9): 811–27. December 1973.
  • "Executive Privilege". University of Pennsylvania Law Review. 122 (6): 1383–438. June 1974. doi:10.2307/3311504.
  • "The Lawyer's Public Responsibilities". Human Rights. 4 (1): 1–12. October 1974.
  • "Watergate and the U.S. Constitution". British Journal of Law and Society. 2 (1): 1–13. Summer 1975. doi:10.2307/1409781.
  • "The New Dimensions of Constitutional Adjudication". Washington Law Review. 51 (4): 791–829. October 1976.
  • "The Supreme Court and Abortion". The Human Life Review. 2 (4): 15–19. Fall 1976.
  • "Federalism and Individual Rights under the Burger Court". Northwestern University Law Review. 73 (1): 1–25. March 1978.
  • "The Lawyer's Independent Calling". Kentucky Law Journal. 67 (1): 5–26. 1978.
  • "The Effect of the Search for Equality upon Judicial Institutions". Washington University Law Quarterly. 1979 (3): 795–816. Summer 1979.
  • "Recent Developments in Federal Labor Law Preemption". Ohio State Law Journal. 41 (2): 277–300. 1980.
  • "Foreword: Freedom of Expression in the Burger Court". Harvard Law Review. 94 (1): 1–73. November 1980.
  • "Review of Democracy and Distrust, a Theory of Judicial Review, by John Hart Ely". Harvard Law Review. 94 (3): 700–16. January 1981. doi:10.2307/1340684.
  • "Constitutional Issues in the Regulation of the Financing of Election Campaigns". Cleveland State Law Review. 31 (3): 395–418. 1982.
  • "Congress v. The Supreme Court". Mercer Law Review. 33 (3): 707–22. Spring 1982.
  • "Freedom of the Press". University of Illinois Law Review. 1983 (1): 3–21.
  • "The Role of the Supreme Court: Judicial Activism or Self-Restraint?". Maryland Law Review. 47 (1): 118–38. Fall 1987.
  • "Lawyer Independence". New York State Bar Journal. 62 (4): 10–15. May 1990.
  • "Lawyers and the Public Interest". Boston University Public Interest Law Journal. 1 (1): 5–14. Winter 1991.
  • "Ethics in Government: The Cornerstone of Public Trust". West Virginia Law Review. 94 (2): 281–300. Winter 1991.
  • "Recent Developments in Civil Rights Law". St. Mary's Law Journal. 22 (4): 815–27. 1991. (Presented at the Common Cause 20th Anniversary Celebration at St. Mary's School of Law, San Antonio, Texas, on November 3, 1990.)
  • "The Independence of the Judiciary: History and Purposes". University of Dayton Law Review. 21 (3): 565–84. Spring 1996.

Magazine pieces, addresses, broadcasts:

  • "After Taft-Hartley". Fortune. 39 (1): 65. January 1949.
  • "The Role of Law in Labor Disputes". Monthly Labor Review. 77 (10): 1113–17. October 1955. (Excerpted from article in Summer 1954 issue of Cornell Law Quarterly.)
  • "Strikes and the Public Interest: A Proposal for New Legislation". Atlantic. 205: 48–51. February 1960.
  • "Reflections on a Firestorm". Saturday Review/World: 12–14, 56. March 9, 1974.
  • "The University and Public Life". The New Leader. 57 (14): 9–12. July 8, 1974. (The annual Harvard Phi Beta Kappa Oration, delivered in June 1974.) The speech was reprinted in the Congressional Record at the request of Congressman Richard Bolling of Missouri: "The University and Public Life". Congressional Record. 14 (17): 23042–44. July 11, 1974 – via Google Books.
  • Partners in Law: Lord Scarman and Archibald Cox in Conversation (BBC, aired February 1980). Part of the conversation was included in The Listener, February 1980, pp. 165–66.
  • "Government, Politics and the Spirit of America: The Attacks upon Reform Legislation". Vital Speeches of the Day. 47 (3): 71. November 15, 1980.
  • "As Legal Scholars See It; Court, Congress, and the Human Life Statute". Christian Science Monitor. June 17, 1981.
  • "Iranian Arms and Contra Aid: Some Underlying Questions". Vital Speeches of the Day. 53 (17): 531. June 15, 1987.
  • "First Amendment". Society. 24 (1): 8–15. November 1986. doi:10.1007/bf02695930.


ملاحظات وهوامش

ملاحظات

الهامش

Bibliography

خط:

  • Caplan, Lincoln (1987). The Tenth Justice: The Solicitor General and the Rule of Law. New York: Knopf. ISBN .
  • Clayton, Cornell W. (1992). The Politics of Justice: The Attorney General and the Making of Legal Policy. Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe Inc. ISBN .
  • Doyle, James (1977). Not Above the Law: The Battles of Watergate Prosecutors Cox and Jaworski. New York: William Morrow and Company. ISBN .
  • Emery, Fred (1994). Watergate: The Corruption of American Politics and the Fall of Richard Nixon. New York: Times Books. ISBN .
  • Genovese, Michael A.; Morgan, Iwan W., eds. (2012). Watergate Remembered:The Legacy for American Politics. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN .
  • Gormley, Ken (1997). Archibald Cox: The Conscience of a Nation. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley. ISBN .
  • Kutler, Stanley I. (1990). The Wars of Watergate: The Last Crisis of Richard Nixon. New York: Knopf. ISBN .
  • McAdams, Alan K. (1964). Power and Politics in Labor Legislation. New York: Columbia University Press. LCCN 64011813.
  • Navasky, Victor S. (1971). Kennedy Justice. New York: Atheneum. LCCN 77145633.
  • O'Brien, Michael (2005). John F. Kennedy: A Biography. New York: Thomas Dunne Books (an impression of St. Martin's Press).
  • Pierpaoli, Paul G., Jr. (1999). Truman and Korea: The Political Culture of the Early Cold War. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press. p. 214. ISBN .
  • Richardson, Elliot (1976). The Creative Balance: Government, Politics, and the Individual in America's Third Century. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. ISBN .
  • Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. (1978). Robert Kennedy and his Times. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. LCCN 78008469. (Two volumes, consecutively paginated.)
  • Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. (1965). A Thousand Days: John F. Kennedy in the White House. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. LCCN 65020218.
  • Sirica, John J. (1979). To Set the Record Straight: The Break-in, the Tapes, the Conspirators, the Pardon. New York: Norton. ISBN .
  • Sorensen, Theodore C. (1965). Kennedy. New York: Harper & Row. LCCN 65014660.

منطقات:

  • Bok, Derek (September 2006). "Archibald Cox" (PDF). Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society. pp. 461–65. Retrieved March 15, 2016.
  • Cox, Archibald (1982). "Constitutional Issues in the Regulation of the Financing of Election Campaigns". Cleveland State Law Review. 31 (3): 395–418. Retrieved May 2, 2016 – via Heinonline.org. (Subscription required (help)).
  • Cox, Archibald (October 1961). "The Nature of Supreme Court Litigation". Journal of the American Judicature Society. 45 (5): 93–96. Retrieved March 28, 2016 – via Heinonline.org. (Subscription required (help)).
  • Daley, Robert (February 4, 1974). "The Remarkable Jaworski Team". New York Magazine. 7 (5): 30–34. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  • Lake, Anthony (October 19, 1969). "A Talk With Warren On Crime, the Court, the Country". New York Times Magazine: SM34. Retrieved April 17, 2016. (Subscription required (help)).
  • Ogeltree, Charles J. (November 2004). "Archibald Cox". Harvard Law Review. 118 (1): 14–18, 16. Retrieved May 2, 2016 – via Heinonline.org. (Subscription required (help)).
  • Spragens, William C. (Winter 1984). "Kennedy Era Speechwriting, Public Relations and Public Opinion". Presidential Studies Quarterly. 14 (1): 78–86. JSTOR 27550035. (Subscription required (help)).

شهادات شفوية:

عن كوكس

  • Collins, Bruce (June 25, 1987). "Career of Archibald Cox". C-SPAN Broadcast. Retrieved March 15, 2016.
  • Hilbink, Thomas (2000). "Interview of Archibald Cox". New York: Columbia University Oral History Research Office. Retrieved March 1, 2016. Session 1 took place on June 19 and Session 2 the next day. The interviews may be heard using RealPlayer or VCL Media Player. Page citations are to the transcript (PDF).
  • Lester, Richard A. (November 25, 1964). "Archibald Cox Oral History Interview" (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Transcript at John F. Kennedy Library in Boston. Retrieved March 1, 2016.

غيرهم

  • Biemiller, Andrew John (March 11, 1965). "Andrew Biemiller, Oral History Interview – JFK#1" (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Transcript at John F. Kennedy Library in Boston. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  • Bolling, Richard W. (November 1, 1965). "Richard W. Bolling, Oral History Interview" (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Transcript at John F. Kennedy Library in Boston. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  • Chayes, Abram (May 18, 1964). "Abram Chayes, Oral History Interview—JFK#1" (PDF). Washington, Doc.: Transcript at John F. Kennedy Library in Boston. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  • Dash, Sam (November 22, 2002). "Oral History of Samuel Dash (Fourth Interview)" (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Historical Society of the District of Columbia Circuit. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  • Douglas, John W. (June 11, 1970). "John W. Douglas Oral History Interview – RFK #4" (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Transcript at John F. Kennedy Library in Boston. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  • Edelman, Peter B. (February 13, 1973). "Peter B. Edelman Oral History Interview – RFK #7" (PDF). Newton, Massachusetts: Transcript at John F. Kennedy Library in Boston. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  • Enarson, Harold L. (August 5, 1996). "Oral History Interview with Harold L. Enarson". Independence, Missouri: Transcript at Harry S. Truman Library in Independence, Mo. Retrieved April 16, 2016.
  • Frankfurter, Felix (June 19, 1964). "Felix Frankfurter Oral History Interview- JFK #2" (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Transcript at John F. Kennedy Library in Boston. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  • Gwirtzman, Milton S. (January 19, 1966). "Milton S. Gwirtzman Oral History Interview – JFK#1" (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Transcript at John F. Kennedy Library in Boston. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  • Heller, Walter; et al. (August 1, 1964). "Council of Economic Advisers Oral History Interview –JFK#1 (Walter Heller, Kermit Gordon, James Tobin, Gardner Ackley, Paul Samuelson)" (PDF). Fort Ritchie, Maryland: Transcript at John F. Kennedy Library in Boston. Retrieved April 11, 2016. Explicit use of et al. in: |first= (help)
  • Lester, Richard A. (December 24, 1970). "Richard A. Lester Oral History Interview—JFK#1" (PDF). Princeton, N.J.: Transcript at John F. Kennedy Library in Boston. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  • Lester, Richard A. (March 22, 1974). "Richard A. Lester Oral History Interview—JFK#2" (PDF). Princeton, New Jersey: Transcript at John F. Kennedy Library in Boston. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  • McClure, Stewart E. (March 1, 1983). "Life on the Senate Staff (Interview #5)" (PDF). Oral History Interviews, Senate Historical Office. Washington, D.C.: Senate Historical Office Oral History Project. p. 168. Retrieved April 1, 2016..
  • Marshall, Burke (January 19, 1970). "Burke Marshall Oral History Interview – RFK" (PDF). Bedford, New York: Transcript at John F. Kennedy Library in Boston. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  • Seigenthaler, John (February 22, 1966). "John Seigenthaler Oral History Interview—JFK #3". Nashville, Tennessee: Transcript at John F. Kennedy Library in Boston. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  • Sheridan, Walter (June 12, 1970). "Walter Sheridan Oral History Interview—RFK#6" (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Transcript at John F. Kennedy Library in Boston. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  • Silbert, Earl J. (February 29, 1992). "The Honorable Earl J. Silbert Interviewed by William F. Causey" (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Historical Society of the District of Columbia Circuit. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  • Terris, Bruce J. (2015). "Bruce J. Terris, Esq. Interviewed by Steven A. Steinbach" (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Historical Society of the Distric to Columbia Circuit. Retrieved February 4, 2017.
  • Udall, Stewart L. (January 12, 1970). "Stewart L. Udall Oral History Interview – JFK #1" (PDF). n.p.: Transcript at John F. Kennedy Library in Boston. Retrieved April 11, 2016.

بتر غير موقـّعة:

  • Memoir (December 1886). "Charles Callahan Perkins". Proceedings of the American Society of Arts and Sciences. 22: 534–39. JSTOR 25129883.
  • "Richard Nixon Stumbles to the Brink". Time. October 29, 1973. Retrieved March 16, 2016. (Subscription required (help)).
  • "The Three Men of High Principle". Time. October 29, 1973. Retrieved March 16, 2016. (Subscription required (help)).


وصلات خارجية

  • "Archibald Cox". American National Biography Online. February 2000. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  • "Archibald Cox". Encyclopedia of World Biography. Gale Group. June 1, 1998. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
  • "Solicitor General:Archibald Cox". United States Department of Justice. October 31, 2014. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
  • "Profile: Archibald Cox". History Commons. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
  • "Watergate Exhibit Evidence". Nixon Presidential Library and Museum. n.d. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
  • Sherman, Thomas Townsend (1920). . New York: Tobias A. Wright. Retrieved March 31, 2016. (Genealogy of Elizabeth Hoar Evarts.)
  • Appearances on C-SPAN
مناصب قانونية
سبقه
J. Lee Rankin
Solicitor General
1961–1965
تبعه
ثرگود مارشال
تاريخ النشر: 2020-06-04 20:33:32
التصنيفات: Pages containing links to subscription-only content, CS1 errors: deprecated parameters, CS1 errors: explicit use of et al., مواليد 1912, وفيات 2004, American legal writers, American legal scholars, American prosecutors, زملاء الأكاديمية الأمريكية للفنون والعلوم, خريجو كلية حقوق هارڤرد, طاقم تدريس كلية حقوق هارڤرد, خريجو جامعة هارڤرد, Law clerks of Judge Learned Hand, Kennedy administration personnel, Lyndon B. Johnson administration personnel, ديمقراطيو مساتشوستس, أعضاء الجمعية الفلسفية الأمريكية, كتاب من پلين‌فيلد، نيوجرزي, Presidential Citizens Medal recipients, St. Paul's School (Concord, New Hampshire) alumni, United States Solicitors General, أكاديميو جامعة كمبردج, محققو فضيحة واترگيت, أشخاص من بروكڤل، مين

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مالي.. مقتل تسعة جنود بهجوم وسط البلاد

المصدر: RT Arabic - روسيا التصنيف: سياسة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:13:59
مستوى الصحة: 86% الأهمية: 90%

الكنيسة تحتفل بعيد استشهاد القديس سيرابيون

المصدر: بوابة أخبار اليوم - مصر التصنيف: سياسة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:15:57
مستوى الصحة: 56% الأهمية: 66%

ليفربول يواصل "التعثر" وينهزم في "أنفيلد" أمام برايتون

المصدر: البطولة - المغرب التصنيف: رياضة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:13:16
مستوى الصحة: 45% الأهمية: 58%

لأول مرة.. مصر رئيسا للجنة بناء السلام في الأمم المتحدة

المصدر: RT Arabic - روسيا التصنيف: سياسة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:14:03
مستوى الصحة: 90% الأهمية: 98%

«خطة البرلمان» تناقش إجراءات الحكومة للحد من زيادة الدين العام‎

المصدر: بوابة أخبار اليوم - مصر التصنيف: سياسة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:15:53
مستوى الصحة: 49% الأهمية: 58%

وزير التعليم: لا نية لعقد امتحانات الشهادة الإعدادية «أونلاين» | خاص

المصدر: بوابة أخبار اليوم - مصر التصنيف: سياسة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:15:55
مستوى الصحة: 59% الأهمية: 64%

القنصلية المغربية في كندا تغلق أبوابها بسبب كورونا

المصدر: RT Arabic - روسيا التصنيف: سياسة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:13:57
مستوى الصحة: 76% الأهمية: 90%

بعد حادث قطار أسيوط.. «السكة الحديد» تحذر المواطنين من هذا الأمر

المصدر: بوابة أخبار اليوم - مصر التصنيف: سياسة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:15:58
مستوى الصحة: 59% الأهمية: 56%

العراق.. إصابات كورونا اليومية تتجاوز حالات الشفاء من جديد

المصدر: RT Arabic - روسيا التصنيف: سياسة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:13:58
مستوى الصحة: 78% الأهمية: 90%

السعودية.. ضبط طبيب أسنان ادعى أنه درس بالجامعة الأمريكية

المصدر: RT Arabic - روسيا التصنيف: سياسة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:14:05
مستوى الصحة: 94% الأهمية: 85%

جامعة الطائف تعفي طلاب الماجستير من رسوم الفصل الحالي

المصدر: صحيفة المواطن الإلكترونية - السعودية التصنيف: سياسة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:20:06
مستوى الصحة: 25% الأهمية: 26%

الجيش الأمريكي يعلن بدء تطوير قواعده العسكرية غرب السعودية

المصدر: RT Arabic - روسيا التصنيف: سياسة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:14:04
مستوى الصحة: 82% الأهمية: 88%

رحيمي يقرئكم السلام.. "أنا باق في الرجاء إلى نهاية الموسم"!

المصدر: راديو مارس - المغرب التصنيف: رياضة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:17:00
مستوى الصحة: 55% الأهمية: 56%

شاهد.. ليفربول يتعرض لهزيمة مؤثرة في عقر داره

المصدر: RT Arabic - روسيا التصنيف: سياسة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:14:16
مستوى الصحة: 91% الأهمية: 87%

رئيس تونس ينتقد مجددا التعديل الوزراي وسط اشتداد الأزمة السياسية

المصدر: الأيام 24 - المغرب التصنيف: سياسة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:16:15
مستوى الصحة: 65% الأهمية: 78%

الصحة: تسجيل 512 حالة إيجابية بفيروس كورونا.. و53 وفاة

المصدر: بوابة أخبار اليوم - مصر التصنيف: سياسة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:15:52
مستوى الصحة: 47% الأهمية: 61%

انتخاب مصر لرئاسة لجنة الأمم المتحدة لبناء السلام

المصدر: بوابة أخبار اليوم - مصر التصنيف: سياسة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:15:59
مستوى الصحة: 46% الأهمية: 60%

برشلونة يخرج من عنق الزجاجة "بريمونتادا" قاتلة.. فيديو

المصدر: RT Arabic - روسيا التصنيف: سياسة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:14:15
مستوى الصحة: 82% الأهمية: 92%

لطلاب الأول الإعدادي.. تعرف متى نستخدم «زمن المضارع المستمر»

المصدر: بوابة أخبار اليوم - مصر التصنيف: سياسة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:15:56
مستوى الصحة: 59% الأهمية: 59%

الكونغرس يوصي بايدن بمراجعة الانسحاب من أفغانستان

المصدر: RT Arabic - روسيا التصنيف: سياسة
تاريخ الخبر: 2021-02-04 00:13:55
مستوى الصحة: 88% الأهمية: 92%

Wewoo - Housse Coque Étui à rabat horizontal à Motif cœur pour Galaxy M30avec porte-cartes et - Coque, étui smartphone

1. Simple et facile, confortable, facile à transporter. 2. La conception du support pivotant vous met à l'aise pour une vision horizontale. 3. Logem

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Axis - Bird Control Spike - Caméra de surveillance connectée

AXIS Bird Control Spike - Pic de protection de caméra (pack de 10) - pour AXIS M3037, P1364, P1435, P5515, Q1635, Q1941, Q6000, Q6042, Q6128, Q8631,

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Honeywell - DOORMAN Kit Carillon filaire DC860 - Sonnette et visiophone connecté

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Wewoo - Housse Coque Étui en cuir à rabat horizontal à motif coloré pour cœur Galaxy A2avec porte-cartes et - Coque, étui smartphone

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Strong - ROUTEUR 300 - Accessoires sécurité connectée

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Wewoo - Laisse pour chien 2 PCS harnais en nylon clip ceinture de sécurité voiture de bleu - Laisse pour chien

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Wewoo - Housse Coque Étui à rabat horizontal en cuir avec Motif dessin coloré 3D pour Nokia 3.1avec support et logements cartesavec porte-monnaie papillon vert - Coque, étui smartphone

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Instrument de musique grenouille en bois Thaïlande artisanat traditionnel décoration de bureau de la chanceCrée différents sons amusantsConstruit en

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Trixie - Trixie Abri Douillet Liva 40 X 24 X 47 Cm - Gris Anthracite - Pour Chien - Cage pour rongeur

Abri douillet Liva - Dimensions : 40 × 24 × 47 cm - Gris anthracite - Pour chien.

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Homematic Ip - Télécommande sans fil - 8 touches - Accessoires sécurité connectée

La commande facile des appareils enregistrés permet par exemple de commuter ou de faire varier l’intensité de l’éclairage

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Hudora - Hudora 10418 - Draisienne Classic, bordeauxv - Tricycle

Hudora 10418 Draisienne Classic, bordeauxDraisiennes sont de véritables classiques et celui-ci est le classique parmi les draisiennes. Les pneus 12"

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marque generique - Fraise deux tailles DIN 844 type HR D. nominal 25 mm L. de garniture 63 mm HSS-Co5 TiCN DIN 1835 B nombre de lames 4 courtes PROMAT - Accessoires vissage, perçage

HSS-Co5 · DIN 844 · Type HR · 4 coupes · Bref · 45° protectase · Moyenne de centre · Profil de cordon fin taillé · Cylindres avec surface de transpor

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Kasalinea - Canapé convertible en tissu avec coffre AMANDA 3 - Canapés

Le canapé convertible avec coffre AMANDA 3 est l'indispensable du salon de style contemporain ! Très confortable et robuste, ce canapé de fabricatio

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Beurer - Beurer Babyphone BY 33 - Babyphone connecté

Mode ECO pour une transmission avec peu de rayonnements et une grande efficacité énergétique Affichage LED coloré Communication 1 voie Immédiatement

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Scs Sentinel - Carillon sans fil, UEL-Bell 200 blanc, UEL 200M blanc - Sonnette et visiophone connecté

Carillon sans fil longue portée 200 mètres en champ libre + bouton poussoir et pied de support pour pose verticale

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Wewoo - Housse Coque Étui de protection en cuir à rabat vertical Crazy Horse pour OPPO AX5S / A5S Marron - Coque, étui smartphone

Étui de protection en cuir à rabat vertical Crazy Horse pour OPPO AX5S / A5S (Marron)1. Simple, confortable, facile à transporter.2. Il protège adéq

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Legrand - lampe de rechange 24v 20ma legrand plexo verte - Interrupteurs et prises étanches

legrand plexo 69495 : lampe de rechange 24 volts 20 milliampères legrand plexo couleur verte.caractéristiques générales : type de mécanisme : lampe

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Decoshop26 - Tableaux en verre acrylique décoration murale motif Rêve de cyclamen 100x50 cm TVA110054 - Tableaux, peintures

Tableaux en verre acrylique décoration murale motif Rêve de cyclamen en 5 panneaux Dimensions: 100x50 cm Dimensions par panneaux: 20x30 20x40 20x50

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Bahco - BAHCO Clé à molette 8"" 8071 - Clés et douilles

Cette clé à molette Bahco 8071 est en alliage d'acier de haute qualité.

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Wewoo - Housse Coque Étui à rabat horizontal côté huile Retro pour Galaxy A70avec support et logements cartes et portefeuille Marron - Coque, étui smartphone

1. Simple et facile, confortable, facile à transporter. 2. La conception du support pivotant vous met à l'aise pour une vision horizontale. 3. Logem

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Small Foot Company - Peluche d'activitée NINO l'hippopotame - 30 cm - Jeux d'éveil

Ce doudou coloré est un hippopotames doux et il a aussi ce grand surprises pour les doigts, les yeux et les oreilles! Siffleur à ses pieds et un râle

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Mpets - Mpets Coussin Dexterieur Lombok - 85x70x7cm - Turquoise Et Gris - Pour Chien - Corbeille pour chien

dog cushion Lombok 70 x 85 cm textile blue Coussin d'extérieur Lombok - En tissu résistant et imperméable - Confortable et moelleux - Il s'installe a

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Wewoo - Housse Coque Étui à rabat horizontal en cuir avec motif Little Peach pour Galaxy A2 Coreavec support et logements cartes et porte-monnaie - Coque, étui smartphone

1. Simple et facile, confortable, facile à transporter. 2. La conception du support pivotant vous met à l'aise pour une vision horizontale. 3. Logem

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marque generique - toilettage pour animaux de compagnie - Collier pour chat

Tout neuf et de haute qualité Parfait pour les vêtements quotidiens, les fêtes de fin de semaine, Halloween, Noël, les défilés, les séances de photo

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marque generique - Marteau En Bois - Jeux d'éveil

Fabriqué à partir de bois avec tous les bords lisses, ne se raye pas, écologique et léger, sûr pour les bébés enfants à saisir. Durable et pratique,

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marque generique - 6 pièces guitare tuners conversion bagues pour lp epi guitare électrique noir - Accessoires instruments à cordes

Ensemble de 6 douilles de conversion de tuners de guitare pour les clés de réglage de guitare Vintage. De haute qualité et durable dans l'utilisatio

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marque generique - Costume d'Halloween pour chien - Vêtement pour chien

Tout neuf et de haute qualité Le design créatif des animaux en crocodile rend votre animal de compagnie plus charmant, plus tendance et plus différe

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Fortis - Taraud machine DIN371 HSSE type GS forme B trou débouchant M10 FORTIS 1 PCS - Accessoires vissage, perçage

Perçage de filetage de machine de trou de transit, blancAvec forme de coupe Berger B (3,5 – 5 vitesses)Pour filetage métrique standard selon ISO A4 1

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Davidson / Fisher Price - Mon ami Franky - Jeux d'éveil

Etes-vous prêt à danser ? Bébé et Franky le sont ! Tapotez Franky pour découvrir ses dons pour la danse, grâce à sa base à bascule ! Des boutons lum

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Wewoo - Housse Coque Pour OnePlus 7T Pro boucle magnétique rétro Texture Crazy Horse Etui à rabat horizontal en cuir avec support & fentes cartes et cadre photo Marron - Coque, étui smartphone

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marque generique - Odomètre Numérique 85cm de Boîtier de Capteur de Câble de Compteur de Vitesse de Moto 12V - Mètres

Utilisations: transfert, traitement, stockage, affichage, enregistrement et contrôle Tension: 12 (V) Modèles concernés: moto universelle Chaque arti

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marque generique - Couvercle de trou de vis Phillips rond 300Pack Decors de couvercle a vis beige - Cadres, pêle-mêle

Diamètre du cache-vis: 17 mm; il convient aux vis taraudeuses à tête cruciforme.Ces capuchons en plastique cachent la tête des vis.Facile à utiliser

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Fortis - Cones DIN 238 MK 5/B 22 FORTIS - Accessoires vissage, perçage

Tonnelle avec cône cône morseDes moyens de serrage• DIN 238 Cône• Entièrement trempé et au solRENSEIGNEMENTS SUR LE PRODUIT:Numéro d'article: 4317784

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Wewoo - Laisse pour chien 2 PCS harnais en nylon clip de ceinture de sécurité voiture de noir - Laisse pour chien

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Theben - THEBEN SOTHIS 2000050 180 DÉTECTEUR DE MOUVEMENT - Alarme connectée

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Legrand - prisinter fixe 32 ampères 3p+n+t ip44 rouge - legrand hypra 52904 - Fiches électriques

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Legrand - fiche droite male 32 ampères 3p+t ip55 rouge - legrand hypra 53060 - Fiches électriques

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Radius - Étagère pour CD Baum 1 - blanc - S - Etagères

Cette étagère pour CD au nom de Baum signé Radius représente la meilleure option de rangement pour vos CD. Ce rayonnage fabriqué en acier robuste es

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Fortis - Taraud machine DIN371 HSSE vapeur type INOX forme B M4 FORTIS 1 PCS - Accessoires vissage, perçage

Foret de filetage de trou de transit, traité à la vapeurAvec forme de coupe Berger B (3,5 – 5 vitesses)Pour filetage métrique standard selon ISO A4 1

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Wewoo - Housse Coque Etui en cuir TPU à rabat vertical Business Style avec fente pour carte Samsung Galaxy M10 noir - Coque, étui smartphone

Etui en cuir TPU à rabat vertical Business Style avec fente pour carte pour Samsung Galaxy M10 (noir)1. Concis: il est simplement façonné et tourné

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Wewoo - Housse Coque Etui à rabat horizontal côté huile Retro pour Galaxy A10avec support et logements cartes et portefeuille rouge - Coque, étui smartphone

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Fabriqué en résine non toxique de haute qualité et qui ne nuirait pas à vos poissons ou plantes aquatiques. Conçu avec des détails délicats, cet orn

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Wewoo - Pour le bureau de famille de voiture Tapis de coussin de massage frais respirable maille en cuir d'été universelle avec la perle en bois d'érable ACH-539878 - Equipement de transport pour chien

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Hikvision - HiLook IPC-C220-D/W caméra de sécurité Caméra de sécurité IP Intérieur Cube Bureau 1920 x 1080 pixels - Caméra de surveillance connectée

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Wewoo - Housse Coque CANVAS DIARY Étui en cuir avec rabat horizontal PU pour Galaxy A40avec porte-cartes et et portefeuille Orange - Coque, étui smartphone

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marque generique - Bandoulière Accordéon En Cuir Véritable Sangles De Ceinture Imperméables Blanc - Accessoires claviers

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Legrand - fiche male 16a 2p+t en plastique à extraction facile noir - Fiches électriques

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Wewoo - Housse Coque Etui à rabat horizontal en cuir à motif tour pour Galaxy A50avec porte-cartes et fentes cartescadre photo et porte-monnaie - Coque, étui smartphone

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