المؤتمر الوطني التاسع عشر للحزب الشيوعي الصيني
Great Hall auditorium
|الزمن المستغرق||1 week|
|التاريخ||18 أكتوبر 2017-24 أكتوبر 2017|
|المكان||Great Hall of the People|
|المسقط||Beijing, People's Republic of China|
|الموضوع||elect 19th Central Committee by the elite|
|المشاركون||2280 representatives and 74 specially invited representatives|
|المؤتمر الوطني التاسع عشر للحزب الشيوعي الصيني|
|The Great Hall of the People in Beijing, venue of the 19th Party Congress|
The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (commonly referred to as Shíjiǔ Dà; بالصينية: 十九大) opened in Beijing, China on 18 October 2017. As an "odd-year" congress – the previous was held in 2012 – the congress is closely watched mostly due to a far-reaching change in the makeup of the top leadership of the Communist Party of China. Almost 75% of the Politburo Standing Committee (top decision-making body) is expected to retire or be replaced at this congress. The congress is also seen as a test of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s authority within the party and whether he will break party rules regarding political tenure and promotion.
The party delegates at the congress will elect the new leadership of the Communist Party of China by the elite, including the Central Committee and alternate members of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection. During the meeting of new Central Committee, the elections of General Secretary (party leader), Politburo, Politburo Standing Committee and Central Military Commission will be held.
The Congress will enshrine the "Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era" to the party constitution as a guiding ideology.
The twice-a-decade party congress is, at its heart, a leadership transition event. The bodies that sit atop the Communist Party organization will see their makeup change significantly. These include the 25-member Politburo, the 7-member Politburo Standing Committee, and the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, the internal discipline organ that has come to the political foreground since 2012.
There is very little doubt that Xi Jinping, who will be 64 at the time of the congress, will continue for another term as General Secretary, the party's top leadership position and leader in the one-party state. There is uncertainty, however, around whether the other personnel changes at the congress will signal that Xi would stay on for more than two terms per convention. The strongest indication of that would be whether officials born after 1960 such as Hu Chunhua or Chen Min'er are promoted to the Politburo Standing Committee, in much the same way Xi and Li were promoted to the body in 2007. Another early contender, Sun Zhengcai, was removed from office shortly prior to the congress. While Xi is constitutionally limited to two terms as President, the offices where real power reside – the General Secretary, and the Chairman of the Central Military Commission – are not term limited.
Politburo Standing Committee
- 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China
- 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China
- 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China
== المراجع ==
- ^ Miao, Zong-han; Kao, Evelyn (4 October 2017). "Taiwan to see if Taiwanese elected to CPC National Congress legal". Central News Agency. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
- ^ Reuters Staff (31 August 2017). "China sets mid-October date for key Communist Party congress". Reuters.com. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
- ^ J.P. (17 October 2017). "What is China's 19th Communist Party congress and why does it matter?". The Economist.
^ Xinhua. October 19, 2017 http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2017-10/19/c_136689808.htm. Missing or empty
^ "Xi Jinping's here to stay: China leader tipped to outstay term". The Straits Times.تسعة August 2016.
"A lot of analysts now see it as a given" that Xi will seek to stay party general secretary, the country's most powerful post, said Christopher K. Johnson, a former CIA analyst and now China specialist at the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies.
- ^ Man tipped as China's future president ousted as Xi Jinping wields 'iron discipline'
- ^ Lam, Willy (March 7, 2016). "Will "Core of the Leadership" Xi Jinping Rule for 15 Years Or More?". Brookings Institution.
- Press service official website
- People's Daily special Congress report
- CGTN Congress section
- Full coverage of Xinhuanet
- Leadership reshuffle in 2017's Congress - on "South China Morning Post" online
نطقب:National meetings of the Communist Party of China